If anything, our understanding of Central African climate is even weaker than our understanding of its ecology. New views on an old forest: Again, the forest biome probably expanded and increased in biomass. The African forests have been through phases of dense human settlement, and also population collapse, as in Central Africa — BP and more widely since BP with the Atlantic slave trade and forced resettlement.
Plant Life Many of the rainforest habitats The congo tropical rainforest of africa Africa are somewhat drier than analogous ecosystems in the tropical Americas or Southeast Asia, and thus the tall canopy trees in the Congo Basin are often deciduous, losing their leaves to conserve water for part of the year, while the understory species tend to be evergreen.
Probably the greatest challenge in understanding and projecting the future climate of the African forest realm, and in particular the Congo Basin, is that the current climate is so poorly observed and understood. First and foremost, there is a need to build up relevant scientific capacity in African countries, building upon and supporting existing research institutions, and creating mechanisms for scholarships for study in both Africa and overseas, and for research and fellowships and infrastructure development.
South of the Congo Basin the tropical forest breaks into a ragged interface with savannas and eventually peters out.
The biggest drivers of deforestation in the Congo rainforest over the past 20 years have been small-scale subsistence agriculture, clearing for charcoal and fuelwood, urban expansion, and mining.
However, their existence is under enormous threat. The Sangha Tri-National is a region of dense forest that shelters four national parks in three countries: This includes understanding productivity, species distributions, drought- and temperature-sensitivity and interactions with climate and soils.
They find that the forest responded fast to the logging disturbance, rebounding back to near original levels of biomass after 24 years, but the volume of timber did not recover so quickly.
It is worthwhile to consider the particular circumstances of the rainforest giant, the DRC, separately in this analysis, as some different dynamics may be occurring there. Most models predict the carbon sink to continue to decline in strength over this century: In Equatorial Guinea, They find little evidence of logging leading to deforestation, either at national or local scales.
Consistent with this, a recent report tracking forest responses, which a forest was hunted to silence, showed a dramatic increase in tree stem density [ 52 ]. The rainforests of Madagascar include numerous creatures found nowhere else on the planet, including lemurs, endemic chameleons, the Madagascar serpent eagle and the lithe arboreal carnivore called the fossa.
Africa is the origin continent of humanity, and African rainforest species have evolved in the presence of hominid hunters and their ancestors. Clearly, there is a need to re-establish a ground meteorological observation system over the region.
The more negative mode would imply substantial drying and retreat of rainforests across Central and West Africa, as seems to have happened a mere years ago [ 15 ], although in the twenty-first century context the high levels of CO2 may to some extent partially offset the negative impacts of drying on forest vegetation.
The ongoing expansion of logging trails into the remotest parts of the African rainforest realm is likely to only intensify hunting pressure and its consequences, as accessible areas have much higher bushmeat extraction than inaccessible areas [ 44 ].
Visitors should expect to pay a hefty fee for a tourist visa. On the other hand, as long as the rainfall threshold is not crossed, the disturbance-adapted nature of many African forests may favour more resilience than their Amazonian or Asian counterparts [ 1219 ].
Hence, the story of Africa's forests has been one of climatic change even throughout the Holocene, and altering levels of direct human impacts. Hundreds of thousands of refugees have moved through the forests of the Congo, stripping vegetation and devastating wildlife populations.
Does this imply much lower disturbance rates in Africa that favour longer-lived trees, or perhaps higher net primary productivity? Of the world's major tropical forest regions, most research and policy attention has focused on the Amazon region, the world's largest tropical forest bloc, and to a lesser extent on Southeast Asia, the third largest tropical forest region.
Outside of the West and Central African core, most models suggest that East African forests will get wetter, but Madagascar's forests will experience increasingly severe water stress. These species may therefore be more adaptable to contemporary climate change and disturbance, but this hypothesis remains to be rigorously tested.
Can we better understand how the structure of intact African forests is affected by historical change and by ongoing defaunation? Predictions for future unabated deforestation estimate that by activities in the DRC will release roughly the same amount of carbon dioxide as the United Kingdom has emitted over the last 60 years.
How tropical organisms will adapt to these this warming remains unclear—some studies argue that tropical organisms are particularly sensitive to warming because of their limited seasonality and interannual variability in temperature [ 5354 ].
Science— doi: All visitors need a visa before arrival, and should remember that malaria is rampant in the region. Speciation in Amazonian forest birds. The Sangha Tri-National is a region of dense forest that shelters four national parks in three countries:Central Africa.
Almost 80 percent of Africa’s rainforest is in the Congo Basin, the largest rainforest in the world after the Amazon. Of this forest, two-thirds is within the Democratic Republic of Congo, but it also covers Gabon, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.
Image caption The Congo Basin is the second largest rainforest in the world after the Amazon Tree loss in one of the world's largest rainforests has slowed, a study suggests. Tropical Rain Forest Tropical rainforests cover about 6 percent of the Earth's entire land surface, and they are mostly located around the belt of the equator in the Amazon basin in South America, the Congo basin and some other lowland regions in Africa.
The Congo rainforest is known for its high levels of biodiversity, including more than tree species and 10, animal species. Some of its most famous residents include forest elephants, gorillas, chimpanzees, okapi, leopards, hippos, and lions. Names & Locations of Tropical Rainforests in Africa.
by Nick Marshall. Related Articles. Cities in Temperate Deciduous Forests; Almost 80 percent of Africa’s rainforest is in the Congo Basin, the largest rainforest in the world after the Amazon. Of this forest, two-thirds is within the Democratic Republic of Congo, but it also covers. The Congo Basin is located in Central Africa, in a region known as west equatorial Africa.
The Congo Basin region is sometimes known simply as the Congo. The basin is a total of million square kilometers and is home to some of the largest undisturbed stands of tropical rainforest on the planet.Download